Reducing salt in your service

Man sprinkling salt in to a bowl

Reducing salt in your service

Did you know that 75% of the salt we eat comes from packaged and processed foods – not the salt shaker? Sadly, over 70% of Australian children eat too much salt each day. This increases their risk of having high blood pressure in childhood, and their risk of developing heart disease later in life.

Eating a lot of salt can also mean children develop a preference for salty flavours early in life. However limiting their salt intake gives their taste buds a chance to appreciate many other flavours – and they’ll be more likely to enjoy healthier foods for life.

Fact 01. We need some salt, but not too much

Salt is listed as sodium on food labels. Sodium is found naturally in some foods, and is added to most processed foods. Our bodies need a small amount of sodium each day to help control water balance, and to help our muscles and nerves to function. But we get usually get enough sodium from the foods we eat without adding extra.

Fact 02. How much is enough?

The amount of sodium that children need each day depends on age:

1-3 years4-8 years9-13 years
200-400mg sodium300-600mg sodium400-800mg sodium

Fact 03. Menu planning guidelines for early childhood services

Our Menu planning guidelines for Victorian long day care, family day care, and outside school hours care services recommend using ingredients that are low in salt, not to add salt when cooking or have it available for children to add to their foods.

Fact 04. Sneaky salt!

Food doesn’t have to taste salty for it to have a lot of salt. In fact, 75% of the salt we eat each day comes from common packaged foods, such as:

  • tomato paste and tomato sauce
  • stock
  • sauces and marinades
  • canned vegetables, soups, fish
  • cakes, biscuits and muffins
  • crackers and crispbreads
  • Vegemite
  • processed meats, e.g. ham, bacon,
  • some cheeses
  • some breakfast cereals

Fact 05. How to find low salt products

When buying pre-made or packaged products, look for ones that say “low in salt”, “salt reduced” or “no added salt” on the packaging.

And look at the nutrition information panel to see how much sodium is listed in the “per 100g” column. You can use this information to compare products, and choose the one with a lower sodium content.

Sodium levelSodium value (per 100mg)
Low sodiumLess than 120mg
Medium sodiumBetween 120mg-600mg
High sodiumMore than 600mg

Fact 06. More ways to reduce salt in your service

Reducing the amount of salt in your outside school hours care centre is easier than you may think and will allow children to develop healthy eating habits for life.

  • Cook most meals and snacks on site, and use less pre-made, packaged foods.
  • Don’t add salt when cooking food (including in water when cooking pasta and rice).
  • Limit the use of processed meats like ham, and bacon
  • Don’t have salt on the table for children to add to their meals.
  • Use herbs and spices to flavour foods.
  • Choose low/reduced salt varieties of stock powders, liquid stocks, sauces and gravies.
  • Swap processed and packaged snacks (such as chips and biscuits) with nutritious whole foods (such as fruits, vegetables, yoghurt, cheese and wholegrains).
  • Choose fish that is canned in spring water instead of brine (as it’s salty).
  • Drain and rinse canned foods, such as vegetables and beans.
  • Use Vegemite sparingly and choose the ‘reduced salt’ option or replace it with a lower salt spread instead.

Fact 07. Avoid misleading salt claims

All salt is the same. Words like “sea salt”, “natural salt”, “rock salt”, “vegetable salt”, “pink salt” or “Himalayan salt” do not necessarily mean the product is healthier, as they all contain sodium and can cause the same health problems as ordinary table salt.

Disclaimer – To receive this document in an accessible format phone 1300 22 52 88 or email

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For more information please phone 1300 22 52 88 or email

Except where otherwise indicated, the images in this document show models and illustrative settings only, and do not necessarily depict actual services, facilities or recipients of services. This document may contain images of deceased Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this document, ‘Aboriginal’ refers to both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. ‘Indigenous’ or ‘Koori/Koorie’ is retained when part of the title of a report, program or quotation. Copyright © State of Victoria 2016

Written and reviewed by dietitians and nutritionists at Nutrition Australia, with support from the Victorian Government.

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